Due to inability to chew function patients who have lost one or more teeth may experience significant health problems. The patient’s speech skills may deteriorate, and the gap left in the jaw bone causes the patient to appear old. Implant treatment is a solution to solve all functional and aesthetic problems due to tooth loss with an effective result as much as a natural tooth.
Implant is an artificial tooth root designed with advanced technology and looks like a screw. Because it is easily adapted to bone tissue, strong, light and abrasion resistant It is generally made of titanium, a valuable mineral.
The implant is placed in the jaw bone by a surgical procedure. Thus, the dental root is made ready for crowns that look like natural teeth to be placed on the implant. Placing the implant in the jaw requires good planning and preparation. At this preparation stage, some or all of the teeth in the jaw may need to be removed. Bone adequacy of the area to be implanted is checked. Due to many reasons such as jawless toothlessness, advanced age, gum diseases, there may be bone resorption on the jaw. Adequate amount of bone tissue is needed for implant treatment to be successful. If there is a bone loss in the patient’s jaw bone, bone is added to the patient’s jaw before the implant is placed. This operation is named as bone graft. Some patients may not have a suitable location for the implant due to the overhanging sinuses. To make room for the implant, it may be necessary to remove the sinus lifting (sinus lifting) over the area where the implant is planned. Implant treatment is done with local anesthesia and pain is not felt and takes about 20-30 minutes. Multiple implants can be placed in one session. When multiple implants are required for both jaws, treatment can be divided into different sessions. In the implant treatment, the implant is placed immediately after tooth extraction in the same session with the ‘immediate’ approach. In some cases, the physician may not find it appropriate to have dental extraction and implant placement in the same session. In such cases, the removed dental tissue is expected to heal. In the process after the implant is placed, the implant is expected to adapt to the body. This period is about 8 to 12 weeks.
After the jaw bone and the implant adapt, the prosthetic treatments stage begins. The treatment process continues at this stage according to the aesthetic needs, expectations and desires of the patient. At this stage, the patient determines his preferences (such as full porcelain, full zircon), color and size of the tooth for the crown and coating alternatives to be made on the implant. Artificial teeth to be placed on the implant are specially designed for the patient, taking into account the patient’s mouth structure, tooth size and expectations. The teeth designed by technicians in the laboratory environment become new teeth that the patient can easily smile, chew, and speak easily after a few rehearsals. Often it is difficult to separate implants from natural teeth.