What Is Root Canal Treatment

WHAT IS ROOT CANAL TREATMENT?

As the result of tooth decay, wrong treatments, cracks or fractures, caused by trauma-impact, tooth nerve, named pulp, is infected and loss of vitality begins. Root canal treatment is the cleaning of infected area and then filling process.

The upper part of tooth that appears on the gum, called crown, consists of 3 layers; enamel, which is the hardest layer at the top, a softer dentin layer and pulp (tooth nerve) at the bottom. Caries passing through the enamel progress faster in the underlying dentin layer and reach the dental nerve (pulp) more easily.

When the nerve (pulp) of the tooth is infected, pain begins in the tooth and the pain gradually increases with the severity of infection. Symptoms of the disease are cold and hot sensitivity, toothache, ear ache, headache. Even if the treatment is delayed, lesions and cysts may form at the root tip, which can be critically difficult to heal and treat. Therefore, whether or not we have problems with the teeth, periodically every 6 months should be checked by a dentist to diagnose and treat disease.

 

IN WHICH CONDITIONS ROOT CANAL TREATMENT REQUIRED?

  • Fractures caused by trauma-impact may cause irreversible breaks and openings in the dental nerve. In these cases, root canal treatment is required.
  • Height fillings and bridge prostheses require high root canal treatment after severe tooth pain.
  • Untreated bruxism and grinding can cause cold-hot sensitivity in the tooth and root canal treatment may be needed in the process.

 

IS ROOT CANAL TREATMENT PAINFUL ?

People are often afraid of root canal treatment. However, root canal treatment is performed with anesthesia without feeling anything. Already in later sessions, the tooth is lifeless and painless.

 

WHAT are THE STAGES OF ROOT CANAL TREATMENT?

First the infected tooth nerve (pulp) is taken from the root canal, then the root canal is  expanded, washed and cleaned with special disinfectants and filled with therapeutic drugs and kept waiting. This procedure is done once a week until the tooth is cleared. After the dental disinfection process, the canal is filled with medicine and root sealing rods and the necessary restoration or filling is completed.